One of the most known fertilizer is cow manure, but have you heard of worm castings? These small manure particles are rich in essential nutrients that plants require. Worm castings (vermicomposting) as plant fertilizer are available in market for consumer, however little scale worm farm can easily be constructed in your backyard.
How to Build Small Scale Worm Farm?
Before begin the farm, special worm working tray can be bought or build for your convenience. If you decide to construct your own box, it should not be deep, it ought to be shallow between 8 and 12 inches top to bottom. İf its not shallow odors going to be a problem. Additionally, smaller boxes work better in home.
When preparing a worm casting tray, put sand as bottom layer of the tray. After that point, put some compost, food scraps, leaf litter or manure with some worms. You can also toss some egg shells, vegetable scraps, and some leftovers from dinner, tea and coffee scraps and shredded papers. Please don’t add things will create irritating smells, such as dairy products and meat. And don’t forget to cover the tray with led or some newspaper. Your small DIY farm should be kept at calm and dark area at room temperature.
Live worms can be bought from store or on the web. Usual garden worms are not the best alternative. They would rather stay at bottom of the tray. Therefore, they are not good choice to survive in a shallow tray. In a common worm farm, people prefer red wigglers which is eating considerably more and duplicate vigorously. They are native for Europe soils, for that reason to keep ecosystem safe they shouldn’t be introduced into new ecosystems.
At the point when the food has rotted and worms come to surface, the time has come to collect the worm castings. As shown above in the illustration, you can transfer the worms into fresh tray full with new soils and manure. Just collect the castings from old tray and use on your plants.
This technique will improve your soils quality and enhance plant and crops yield. Also, you will turn your biowastes into a soil conditioner.