SARS-CoV-2 Spike Glycoprotein (S1) RBD, His-Tag (HEK293)

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SKU:
LGC-REC31882
€422.00
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Description

SARS-COV-2 SPIKE GLYCOPROTEIN (S1) RBD, HIS-TAG (HEK293)

SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1 RBD is a recombinant receptor-binding domain antigen, expressed in HEK293 cells and purified from culture supernatant with a His-tag to greater than 95% purity. These proteins can be used as diagnostic standard antigens, targets of neutralizing antibodies and in the development of antibodies to detect SARS-CoV-2 in patients.

 

PRODUCT DETAILS – SARS-COV-2 SPIKE GLYCOPROTEIN (S1) RBD, HIS-TAG (HEK293)

  • Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 Spike S1 RBD (aa 319-541), manufactured in HEK293 cells with His-tag.
  • Contains Spike protein S1 subunit receptor-binding domain (NCBI Accession Number: 6XDG_E)
  • SARS-CoV-2 Glycoprotein S1 RBD is purified to greater than 95% purity.
  • Presented as liquid in DPBS.
  • RBD binds ACE2 (REC31876) when used as capture antigen in immunoassay (ELISA) at a concentration between 0.5-5.0 µg/ml.

 

BACKGROUND

SARS-CoV-2 is a respiratory virus which causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). This disease spreads primarily through contact with an infected person via respiratory droplets generated when a person coughs or sneezes, or through droplets of saliva or discharge from the nose. Infection with SARS-CoV-2 can cause mild symptoms including a runny nose, sore throat, cough, and fever.  However, it can be more severe for some people and can lead to pneumonia or breathing difficulties. The elderly, and people with pre-existing medical conditions (such as, diabetes and heart disease) appear to be more vulnerable to becoming severely ill with the virus (WHO, 2020).

The coronavirus spike (S) glycoprotein is a class I viral fusion protein on the outer envelope of the virion that plays a critical role in viral infection by recognizing host cell receptors and mediating fusion of the viral and cellular membranes (Li, 2016). Each monomer of trimeric S protein is about 180 kDa, and contains two subunits, S1 and S2, mediating attachment and membrane fusion, respectively. Two major domains in coronavirus S1 have been identified, the N-terminal domain (S1-NTD) and C-terminal domain (S1-CTD). Either or both of these S1 domains can function as a receptor-binding domain (RBD), depending on virus; SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV both use C-domain to bind their receptors (Ou et al., 2020). Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (hACE2)21 and human dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (hDPP4)22 have been identifies as the receptors for SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV, respectively. While S proteins of SARS-CoV-2 share about 76% amino acid identities with SARS-CoV, the amino acid sequence of potential RBD of SARS-CoV-2 is only about 74% homologous to that of SARS-CoV. It has been reported that human ACE2 is also the entry receptor of SARS-CoV-2, and that a serine protease is important for SARS-CoV-2 Spike activation (Hoffmann et al., 2020).

 

REFERENCES

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